扉页等

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扉页等


  (佛告舍利弗:)“若有众生从佛世尊闻法信受勤修精进,求一切智、佛智、自然智、无师智、如来知见、力、无所畏,愍念安乐无量众生,利益天人、度脱一切,是名大乘。菩萨求此乘故,名为摩诃萨,如彼诸子为求牛车、出于火宅。”

  《妙法莲华经》

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  [The Buddha said to Sāriputra,] “If there are living beingswho, following the Buddha, the World-Honored One,hear the Dharma and receive it in faith, who apply themselves and make great effort, seeking all knowledge,Buddha wisdom, natural wisdom, the wisdom that needsno teacher, as well as the Tathagata’s insight, powers, and fearlessness, and who pity and comfort innumerableliving beings, enrich human and heavenly beings, andliberate them all, they will be called the followers of the Great Vehicle. Because bodhisattvas seek this vehicle,they are called great enlightened beings [mahāsattvas].They are like the children who came out of the burning house in hopes of getting an ox carriage.”

  The Lotus Sutra

  Translation of the scriptural passage is based upon the rendition of Gene Reeves, The Lotus Sutra: A Contemporary Translation of a Buddhist Classics, (Boston: Wisdom Publications, 2008), 117.

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  “佛智”还有一个代表名称,叫作一切种智,也就是八识心王一切功能差别的智慧,这一切功能都函藏在如来藏里面,所以又称为如来藏的一切种子的智慧。这一切种智大概可以分为四种,就是大圆镜智、妙观察智、平等性智、成所作智。刚刚明心的时候是什么智?是法界体性智,是因为你证得法界体性了。法界以什么为体性?以如来藏为体性。

  你证得如来藏了,你就有了法界体性智。由这个法界体性智,你才有下品妙观察智与平等性智的初分。像这样继续进修,具足了大圆镜智等四种智慧,才叫作佛智。

  《法华经讲义》第五辑,页38

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  The other name of “Buddha wisdom” is“knowledge-of-all-aspects (sarvākārajnatā),” that is,knowledge of all the different functions of the eight consciousnesses. Since these functions are stored withinthe tathāgatagarbha, this knowledge is also referred to asthe knowledge of all the seeds (bīja) contained within thetathāgatagarbha. The knowledge-of-all-aspects can begenerally divided into four categories: the great perfectmirror wisdom (mahadarsajnana), the wisdom of specificknowledge (prataveksanajnana), the wisdom of equality(samatajnana), and the wisdom of achieving activities(krtanusthanajnana). When you have just awakened tothe True Mind, what kind of wisdom have you acquired?It is the wisdom of the essential nature of thedharma-realm (dharmadhātusvabhāvaj?āna), becausewhat you have realized is the essential nature of thedharma-realm. What is the essential nature of thedharma-realm? It is the nature of the tathāgatagarbha.Once you have realized the tathāgatagarbha, you willpossess the wisdom of the essential nature of thedharma-realm. From having acquired this wisdom, youwill also attain the low level wisdom of specificknowledge and an elementary portion of the wisdom of equality. When these four kinds of wisdom have beenfully attained through continuous cultivation, they will becollectively referred to as “Buddha wisdom.”

  A Discourse on the Lotus Sutra, vol. 5, p. 38

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